E-learning (5)

28. července 2016 v 15:30 |  For David
New lesson: 2nd August, 3.30pm

Language practice

Circle the most appropriate of the two words

  1. When we got to the cinema there were very few tickets left so we couldn't sit down/together. together
  2. The common cold has been called the single most expensive illness/problem in the world. illness
  3. Runners suffer more injuries than many other people/athletes. athletes
  4. All kinds of things/materials have been used to make guitars: wood, fibre glass, plastic and metal. materials
  5. He is very secretive. He never tells anyone anything/everything about his personal life. anything
  6. She was wearing sandals although/because it was cold and wet outside. although
  7. He decided to be/become a professional football player and gave up his job at the bank. become
  8. Do you like to wear a particular brand/kind of trainers such as Nike or Reeboks? brand

Word formation

Fill the gaps in the following sentences with the correct form of the word in capitals.

1 We have all got used to DISPOSABLE products such as razors and nappies. (DISPOSE)
2 The telephone is a wonderful INVENTION. (INVENT)
3 The PRODUCTION of the safety razor revolutionised shaving. (PRODUCE)
4 Attacks on young people wearing expensive clothing are a common OCCURANCE. (OCCUR)
5 Nevertheless many young people show a marked PREFERENCE for particular labels. (PREFER)
6 We visited Stratford-upon-Avon and saw a PERFORMANCE of Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet. (PERFORM)
7 In the CONCLUSION of her composition she said she did not thing co-education was a good idea. (CONCLUDE)
8 When she was offered the part in the film, she accepted without HESITATION. (HESITATE)


Read the following article about the invention of the safety razor. There is a missing sentences from each of the paragraph. Decide which numbered gap each sentence should go to.

A He realised that only the straight edge of his old-fashioned razor was doing any work.
B However, his invention remained relatively unknown.
C The customer would have to come back and buy another.
D Men have always searched for the perfect close shave.
E Gillete realised that he needed to work with someone else.
F But for six years, Gillete failed to convince people.

A Hairy Problem Solved

(1D)Cave drawings show that the earliest razors were sharks' teeth and clam shells. Sharpened flint was used where it could be found. The Egyptians 6000 years ago made razors from solid gold. By the eighteenth century they had developed into elaborate steel devices. Nevertheless one painful problem remained: men continued to cut themselves.

In 1762, a Frenchmen named Jean-Jacques Perret found a way of protecting the shaver's skin by attaching a safety guard to the steel blade. Perret even wrote a book about shaving called Pogotonomy or the Art of Learning to Shave. (2B) As a result, millions of male chins still suffered the consequences daily.

One such chin belonged to King Camp Gillete, a travelling salesman from Wisconsin, in the United States. One of Gillete's bosses was William Painter, the inventor of the disposable bottle-cap. Painter told Gillete that he would become rich if only he invented "something which will be used once and thrown away" (3C)

The answer came to Gillete in front of his shaving mirror in 1895. (4A)Why not substitue a thin steel blade that could be held in a clamp and thrown away? "I stood before the mirror in a trance of joy," he wrote to his wife. "Our futre is made."

(5F) Finally things began to change when he met William Nickerson. Together they formed the American Safety Razor Company. They took out a patent in Boston in 1901. In 1903 they sold just 51 razors and 168 blades. They persevered and by the end on 1904 they had parted with 90 000 razors and 124 000 000 blades.


1 - Where is Angela working at the moment

  • A) Britain
  • B) the USA
  • C) Asia
2 - Angela likes her job because she

  • A) loves being in dangerous situations
  • B) never knows where she'll go next
  • C) enjoys watching important events happen
3 - What did Angela bring home from Hong Kong?

  • A) pictures
  • B) carpets
  • C) furniture
4 - What time does Angela's day begin?

  • A) 8.30 a.m.
  • B) 6.30 p.m.
  • C) 10.00 a.m.
5 - Where did Angela meet her boyfriend?

  • A) at her sister's house
  • B) at university
  • C) in Hong Kong
6 - What does Angela do to relax?

  • A) She cooks a meal
  • B) She goes sailing
  • C) She goes shopping
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Correct answers: 1A, 2C, 3C, 4A, 5A, 6B

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