E-learning (6)

1. srpna 2016 v 15:28 |  For David
Next lesson, 4th August, 3.30pm
Highlight for correct answers and contact me if inconvenient.

Grammar revision

Modal verbs

Complete the sentences using the correct form of

can, could, must, have to, should

  1. Philip realised that he must have fallen asleep when people in the audience started to clap and the play was suddenly over.
  2. If you want to pass your exams, you should study.
  3. No matter how he tried he just couldn't open that can of tuna.
  4. Can you hold your breath for more than five minutes?
  5. I was using my pencil a minute ago. I must be here somewhere!
  6. You really mustn't be late again.
  7. Phone him now, he must be home by now.
  8. Even as a child Mozart could play the piano beautifully.
  9. Can you speak French?
  10. You shouldn't eat so much chocolate, it's not good for you.
  11. I'm so hugry, I could eat a horse.
  12. She must be very pleased with herself, she got the best marks!

Present simple vs present continuous

Fill in the gaps in the following sentences with the correct present simple or present continuous form. Put the adverb in the correct position

  1. I don't like (not/like) to get up in the morning.
  2. My brother and I have (have) to get up quite early to get to school on time.
  3. Our father sometimes drives (sometimes/drive) us, but on other days we get (get) the school bus.
  4. We almost never get (never/get) to the bus stop on time and the bus is always waiting (always/ wait) when we turn (turn) the corner.
  5. The bus driver tells (tell) us to hurry up and we jump (jump) on the bus.
  6. We aren't going (not/go) to school next Monday because it's a holiday.
  7. Instead all the people from my class are meeting (meet) in the mountains for a picnic.
  8. I'm making (make) a chocolate cake, my friend Ioanna is bringing (bring) a salad and the others are bringing (bring) meat, bread and soft drinks.
  9. Ioanna rings (ring) me up every evening and asks, "What do we have (have) to do for homework?"
  10. She doesn't listen (not listen) when the teacher gives (give) us out homework for that night.
  11. She's always talking (always/talk) in class which drives (drive) all the teachers crazy.
  12. When Ioanna rings (ring) me up, she always says (always/say): "What are you doing (do)?"
  13. And I answer (answer) "I am talking (talk) to you, silly!"

Vocabulary: describing people

Match words in Column A with a word with the opposite meaning in Column B.

1d, 2a, 3b, 4g, 5c, 6f, 7e

Fill in the gaps in the following sentences with an appropriate word from the exercize above:

  1. He's rather arrogant and never stops telling you how wonderful he is.
  2. If you don't stop being naughty, you won't get an icecream.
  3. I wish she wasn't so mean. Why can't she pay for the coffee for once?
  4. Going out in the middle of winter without a jacket was rather a silly thing to do.
  5. They are very generous. They let us stay in their house and lent us a car.
  6. There's no need to be so modest. You deserve to be proud of yourself.
  7. If you were a bit more flexible and tried to see his point of view, I'm sure you'd get along.
  8. Small children can be a bit stubborn when they don't get their way.



Conditionals are used to speculate. What could happen? What might have happened? Most sentences use the word if. There are five types of conditionals.

Conditional Type Zero

This type of conditional is used when speaking about something that is happening now or always and the situation is real or possible. It is used to refer to general truths. When using it, we say when as well as if.

  1. If you press the button the light comes (come) on.
  2. It's easier to sleep if you aren't (you/not/be) stressed.
  3. The teacher gets (get) angry, if we don't work (we/not/work) hard.
  4. When I get (get) on a boat, I always feel (always/feel) sick.
  5. His mother gets annoyed (get annoyed), if he is late (he/be).
  6. If I don't know (I/not/know) a word, I look (look) in my dictionary.
  7. When they don't have (not/have) any homework, they play (play) football.
  8. If you freeze (freeze) water, it turns (turn) to ice.


The Lighthouse of Alexandria

(1d) It was early morning in Alexandria, Egypt, one day in March 1994. Asma el-Bakri, an Egyptian film-maker, put on her diving equipment in the eastern harbour. She took her camera and dived underwater. What she found under the water was incredible. The bottom of the harbour was covered with 3,000 huge ancient stones and statues. Asma had discovered the lighthouse of Alexandrai, one of the seven wonders of the ancient world. It had been lying underwater since a great earthquake in 1303.

(2b) The lighthouse of Alexandria, the first and the greatest, lighthouse in the world was built 2,300 years ago. Before then, people had lit fires on hills to warn ships of dangerous rocks or to show the entrace to a harbour. The lighthouse was as tall as a modern skyscraper with 25 floors. At the top there was a fire which burned 24 hours a day. The lighthous took twelve years to build. We know that it was well-made because it lasted for a very long time - much longer than the builders had expected. Although there were lots of earthquakes in Alexandria, the lighthouse fire continued to burn. However, the earthquakes damaged the building and it was repaired many times.

(3c) Then, on 8th August 1303, there was an extremely violent earthquake. It shook the lighthouse and stones started to fall. The lighthouse leant more and more and finally fell into the sea. The lighthouse stood there for 1,600 years, but now it had disappeared and was invisible. A hundred and seventy-five years later, a castle was built in the same place and gradually the position of the lighthouse was forgotten. Although people no longer remembered exactly where the lighthouse had been, they knew about it from old books and pictures.

(4a) Asma made her great discovery several years ago. Since then, archaealogists and divers have been working in the harbour. Although they have found a lot of things, there is still a lot to do. People hope that one day they will find the palace of Queen Cleopatra.

Match these topics with paragraphs 1-4
a The future b What it was like c The discovery d The disaster

Find the word although in the text. The rewrite these sentences using although instead of but.

  1. There were lots of earthquakes but in the lighthouse fire continued to burn. (Although there were lots of earthquakes, fire continued to burn in the lighthouse.)
  2. There are over 150 islands in the Isles of Scilly but people only live ob five. (Although there are over 150 islands in the Isles of Scilly, people only live on five.)
  3. The water was cold but Aliki stays underwater for half an hour. (Although the water was cold, Aliki stays underwater for half an hour.)
  4. The sailor was telling the truth but the captain didn't believe him. (Although the sailor was telling the truth, the captain didn't believe him.)
  5. The wreck was close to the coast but all the sailors were drowned. (Although the wreck was close to the coast, all the sailors drowned.)


R.E.M. - Losing My Religion
Oh life, it's bigger
It's bigger than _______you
And you are not me
The lengths that I will go to
The distance in your _____eyes
Oh no, I've said too much
I set it up
That's me in the corner
That's me in the______ spotlight
Losing my religion
Trying to_____ keep up with you
And I don't know if I can do it
Oh no, I've said too much
I haven't said enough
I thought that I heard you laughing
I thought that I heard you _____ sing
I think I thought I saw you try
Every _______whisper
Of every waking hour
I'm ________choosing my confessions
Trying to keep an eye on you
Like a hurt, lost and blinded fool, fool
Oh no, I've said too much
I set it up
Consider this
Consider this, the hint of the century
Consider this, the slip
That brought me to my knees, failed
What if all these fantasies come
Flailing around
Now I've said too much
I thought that I heard you laughing
I thought that I heard you _______sing
I think I thought I saw you try
But that was just a _______dream
That was just a _______dream
That's me in the corner
That's me in the ______spotlight
Losing my religion
Trying to _______keep up with you
And I don't know if I can do it
Oh no, I've said too much
I haven't said enough
I thought that I heard you laughing
I thought that I heard you ________sing
I think I thought I saw you try
But that was just a _______dream
Try, cry, why try
That was just a _______dream
Just a ________dream
Just a _______dream, ______dream

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